A staggering 5 million Americans live with traumatic brain injury (TBI) disabilities. Furthermore, over 2.5 million Americans suffer a TBI annually. Since the brain regulates our breathing, controls our heartbeat, and facilitates virtually every bodily function, the reported rise in TBI has been called “The Silent Epidemic”.
TBI’s range from mild concussions to severe neurological injuries. Head trauma injuries undergo further classification as either open TBI, when an object penetrates the skull and enters the brain, or closed TBI, when the victim suffers a non-penetrating blow to the head. Subsequent brain swelling may deprive the brain of oxygen, causing hypoxic brain injury.